Paediatric NUTRITION

  • Guideline Summaries
  • British Dietetic Association (BDA) Policy Statement on Complementary Feeding: Introduction of Solid Food to an Infants Diet

    Published in April 2013, the British Dietetic Association (BDA) policy statement on complementary feeding provides advice on the introduction of solid food to both healthy and preterm infants for healthcare professionals. Link

    Summary of recommendations:

    Recommendations of different authorities:
    World Health Organization (WHO)1

    • Exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of an infant’s life, followed by the introduction of complementary foods while continuing to breastfeed

    European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN):2

    • Exclusive or full breastfeeding for about 6 months

    • Complementary feeding should not be introduced before 17 weeks and not later than 26 weeks

    European Food Safety Authority (EFSA):3

    • Introducing complementary food into the diet of healthy term infants between the ages of 4 and 6 months is safe and does not pose a risk for adverse health effects

    1. WHO. The optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding: report on an expert consultation. 2001.
    2. ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition. Complementary feeding: a commentary by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition. 2008.
    3. EFSA. Scientific opinion on the appropriate age for introduction of complementary of infants. 2009.

    The British Dietetic Association. Complementary feeding: introduction of solid food to an infant’s diet. April 2013.

  • The Chinese Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (CSPEN) Guidelines for Nutrition Support in Neonates

    The guidelines by CSPEN proposed the recommendations on nutrient intakes in neonates basing on a review of scientific reports and expert consensus. Link

    Recommended intakes for enteral nutrition:

    Recommendations for feeding mode:

    Summary of recommendations on the selection of breastfeeding and enteral formula:
    For breastfeeding:

    Formulas that are suitable for enteral feeding:

    Working Group of Pediatrics Chinese Society of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition, Working Group of Neonatology Chinese Society of Pediatrics, Working Group of Neonatal Surgery Chinese Society of Pediatric Surgery. CSPEN guidelines for nutrition support in neonates. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2013;22(4):655-663. doi: 10.6133/apjcn.2013.22.4.21.

  • European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) Position Paper on Vitamin D in the Healthy Pediatric Nutrition

    The ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition published a position paper on vitamin D to provide updated figures on the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency, its health benefits, and recommendations for the prevention of deficiency in the healthy European paediatric population. Link

    Summary of position paper:

    Braegger C, Campoy C, Colomb V, Decsi T, Domellof M, Fewtrell M, Hojsak I, Mihatsch W, Molgaard C, Shamir R, Turck D, van Goudoever J; ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition. Vitamin D in the Healthy Paediatric Population: A Position Paper by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2013;56(6):692-701. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0b013e31828f3c05.

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  • Key Nutrition Papers
  • Learning to eat: birth to age 2 y

    Reference: Birch LL, Doub AE. Am J Clin Nutr 2014;99(3):723S-728S. Link to PubMed

  • Nutritional Care of Preterm Infants: Scientific Basis and Practical Guidelines

    Reference: Koletzko B, et al. (eds) World Rev Nutr Diet. Basel, Karger, 2014, vol 110, pp I-XII (DOI:10.1159/000360233). Link to article

  • Toward an operative diagnosis of fussy/picky eating: a latent profile approach in a population-based cohort

    Reference: Tharner A, et al. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2014;11:14. Link to PubMed

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